Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America and the only one located entirely within the United States. The other four Gr…
Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America and the only one located entirely within the United States. The other four Great Lakes are shared by the U.S. and Canada. It is the second-largest of the Great Lakes by volume and the third-largest by surface area, after Lake Superior and Lake Huron. To the east, its basin is conjoined with that of Lake Huron through the wide Straits of Mackinac, giving it the same surface elevation as its easterly counterpart; the two are technically a single lake. Lake Michigan is shared, from west to east, by the U.S. states of Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan. Ports along its shores include Chicago; Milwaukee; Green Bay, Wisconsin; Gary, Indiana; and Muskegon, Michigan. The word "Michigan" originally referred to the lake itself, and is believed to come from the Ojibwa word mishigami meaning "great water".
- Depth: 922 feet (281 m)
- Length: 307 miles (494 km)
- Surface area: 22,394 sq miles (58,000 km²)
- Width: 118 miles (190 km)
- Mean depth: 279 feet (85 m)
- Surface elevation: 577 feet (175.87 m)