Along with the annual meteor showers, we also have a super blood moon, Mercury transit across the sun and a total solar eclipse in store for us in 2019.
Super blood moon
Starting around 9:30 p.m. until 2:30 a.m. (EST). The moon will be at its reddest between 11:40 p.m. and 12:40 a.m. (EST)
Visible from North and South America
To get the year started, a super blood moon will be visible to North and South America on January 21. A super blood moon is a combination of a supermoon and a bloodmoon.
What is a supermoon? The moon orbits the earth in a ellipse, or oval. That means sometimes it is closer to the Earth and sometimes it is farther. A supermoon is when the moon is at its closest, while also being a full moon. It will look quite a bit larger than your average full moon.
What is a bloodmoon? During a lunar eclipse, when the earth is between the moon and the sun, the moon takes on a reddish hue. Hence the name bloodmoon. If you look at the picture above, you can see what this looks like.
Those in North and South America will have a view of the super blood moon around midnight, while those in west Africa and Europe may be able to catch a glimpse in the early morning.
Mercury transit across the sun
Starting around 12:15 and going until 18:00 (UT). Which is about 7 a.m. to 1 p.m. (EST).
Visible from everywhere, except Australia.
Take a look at that picture above. See the little black dot in the bottom left? That's Mercury moving between the Earth and the Sun.
On November 11, most of the world will be able to see that black dot travel across the face of the sun. Those in North and South America will see it during sunrise, while those in Africa, Europe and Asia will see it during sunset. Since Mercury is so tiny, it won't be visible with the naked eye, you'll need a telescope with a solar filter to protect your eyes.
This rare occurrence only take place 13 to 14 times a century. The next time you'll be able to see this is 2032.
Total solar eclipse
Starting around 4:00 p.m. (UT) in the Pacific Ocean and ending around 10:00 p.m. (UT) west of Buenos Aires.
July 2Starting around 4:00 p.m. (UT) in the Pacific Ocean and ending around 10:00 p.m. (UT) west of Buenos Aires.
Visible from South America
Most of America still remembers the 2017 solar eclipse that passed over the United States. Traffic stood still as those in the area of totality peered at the sky during those minutes of darkness.
This year's total solar eclipse won't be as exciting since the area of totality is mostly in the Pacific Ocean. South America will be able to see the partial eclipse but the area of totality will only cut across Chile and Argentina, ending just west of Buenos Aires.
Yearly occurrences, meteor showers aren't rare, but they are a great opportunity to get outside the city and look at the stars. They last for days and are visible from all over the world. The dates listed are when the showers will be at their most active.
The Eta Aquariids Shower is a popular one. These meteors broke off from Halley's Comet hundreds of years ago. The shower lasts a few weeks, with plenty of opportunities to see them.
The Perseids Shower, in August is another favorite because, not only is the weather still warm, but it is one of the brighter showers. Read more about the Perseids on timeanddate.com
April 22, 23 - Lyrids Meteor Shower
May 6, 7 - Eta Aquariids Meteor Shower
July 28, 29 - Delta Aquarids Meteor Shower
August 12, 13 - Perseids Meteor Shower
October 8 - Draconids Meteor Shower.
October 21, 22 - Orionids Meteor Shower.
November 5, 6 - Taurids Meteor Shower
November 17, 18 - Leonids Meteor Shower
December 13, 14 - Geminids Meteor Shower