Go to Bing homepage

American Actor

Adrien Brody

  • Apr 14, 1973 (age 46)
  • 6' 1" (1.85 m)
Search the latest about Adrien Brody on Bing
2018
Air Strike
MovieOct 17, 2018

Air Strike

During World War II, five different Chinese people fight their …
During World War II, five different Chinese people fight their way through Japanese Air Force attacks to protect an important military machine in Chongqing, 1940.
  • IMDb
2017
Bullet Head
MovieDec 8, 2017

Bullet Head

Three career criminals find themselves trapped in a …
Three career criminals find themselves trapped in a warehouse with the law closing in and an even worse threat waiting inside.
  • IMDb
2016
Come Together: A Fashion Picture in Motion
www.imdb.com
MovieNov 27, 2016

Come Together: A Fashion Picture in Mo…

Lone passengers are …
Lone passengers are traveling to join their loved ones for the Christmas holiday, but winter weather conspires to way-lay them.
  • IMDb
Manhattan Night
MovieMay 16, 2016

Manhattan Night

When a seductive stranger asks tabloid writer Porter Wren to …
When a seductive stranger asks tabloid writer Porter Wren to dig into the unsolved murder of her filmmaker husband, he is drawn into a very nasty case of sexual obsession and blackmail - one that threatens his job, his marriage, and his life.
  • IMDb
Dice
TV ShowApr 10, 2016

Dice

Dice is an American comedy television series created by …
Dice is an American comedy television series created by Scot Armstrong. The series stars Andrew Dice Clay as himself. On March 20, 2015, Showtime ordered a six-episode first season. The series premiered on Showtime on April 10, 2016. On September 22, 2016, Showtime renewed Dice for a seven-episode second season, which premiered on August 20, 2017. On January 30, 2018, it was announced that the series had been cancelled after two seasons.
  • Wikipedia
2015
Septembers of Shiraz
MovieSep 15, 2015

Septembers of Shiraz

Prior to the Iranian revolution it was a place where people of all …
Prior to the Iranian revolution it was a place where people of all religions were allowed to flourish. This is the story of a prosperous Jewish family who abandon everything before they are consumed by the passions of revolutionaries.
  • IMDb
Backtrack
MovieApr 18, 2015

Backtrack

Psychologist Peter Bower's life is thrown into turmoil when he …
Psychologist Peter Bower's life is thrown into turmoil when he discovers a strange secret about his patients. Risking his own sanity, Peter delves into his past to uncover a terrifying secret which only he can put right. But is the reward worth risking more than a single life?
  • IMDb
Dragon Blade
MovieFeb 18, 2015

Dragon Blade

When corrupt Roman leader Tiberius arrives with a giant …
When corrupt Roman leader Tiberius arrives with a giant army to claim the Silk Road, Huo An and his group of trained warriors teams up with an elite legion of defected Roman soldiers led by General Lucius to maintain the delicate balance of power in the region. To protect his country and his new friends, Huo An gathers the warriors of thirty-six ethnic nations together to fight Tiberius in an incredible epic battle.
  • IMDb
Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie
Nomination2015

Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries o…

Nominated for "Houdini".
Primetime Emmy Award
2014
American Heist
MovieSep 11, 2014

American Heist

James owes his life to his older brother, Frankie after taking …
James owes his life to his older brother, Frankie after taking the rap for a crime they committed together. While Frankie served time, James worked to turn his life around, got a steady job and began courting his former girlfriend Emily. Now, Frankie is released and back on the streets with no money and no place to go.
  • IMDb
Houdini
TV ShowSep 1, 2014

Houdini

Houdini is a two-part, four-hour History channel event …
Houdini is a two-part, four-hour History channel event miniseries written by Nicholas Meyer and directed by Uli Edel. It premiered on September 1, 2014. The series stars Adrien Brody as Harry Houdini and features the life of the legendary illusionist and escape artist from poverty to worldwide fame.
  • Wikipedia
The Grand Budapest Hotel
MovieFeb 6, 2014

The Grand Budapest Hotel

Gustav H., the famous …
Gustav H., the famous concierge at a legendary hotel situated in the Alps during the 1930's becomes the center of a farcical whirlwind of suspicion when one of his institution's oldest and richest patrons turns up dead, and she suspiciously leaves him her most priceless work of art -- a Renaissance painting of a boy with an apple. Infuriated that she left anything of value to anyone else, the woman's greedy and nefarious heir uses all manner of underhanded and illegal tactics to pin her death on Gustav and to silence anyone who questions his objective of inheriting every penny of her estate, leaving Gustav's trusted lobby boy Zero to clear Gustav's name and prove that the grand lady's killer is none other than her own son..
  • IMDb
2013
Peaky Blinders
TV ShowSep 12, 2013

Peaky Blinders

Peaky Blinders is an English crime drama television series …
Peaky Blinders is an English crime drama television series primarily set in Birmingham, England in the aftermath of World War I. The series, which was created by Steven Knight and produced by Caryn Mandabach Productions, Screen Yorkshire and Tiger Aspect Productions, follows the exploits of the Shelby crime family. Screen Yorkshire provided funding for the production through the Yorkshire Content Fund. It was the first production to receive funding from the Yorkshire Content Fund, which in turn made certain the majority of the show was filmed in Yorkshire as part of the deal.
  • Wikipedia
Third Person
MovieSep 9, 2013

Third Person

Third Person is a 2013 romantic drama film directed and …
Third Person is a 2013 romantic drama film directed and written by Paul Haggis and starring an ensemble cast consisting of Liam Neeson, Mila Kunis, Adrien Brody, Olivia Wilde, James Franco, Moran Atias, Kim Basinger, and Maria Bello. The film premiered at the 2013 Toronto Film Festival.
  • Wikipedia
InAPPropriate Comedy
MovieMar 22, 2013

InAPPropriate Comedy

Inappropriate Comedy (stylized as inAPPropriate Comedy) is a …
Inappropriate Comedy (stylized as inAPPropriate Comedy) is a 2013 American satirical sketch comedy film directed by Vince Offer. It stars Ari Shaffir (who also co-wrote), Rob Schneider, Michelle Rodriguez, Adrien Brody and Lindsay Lohan, and was released on March 22, 2013.
  • Wikipedia
2012
Back to 1942
MovieNov 11, 2012

Back to 1942

Back to 1942 is a 2012 Chinese historical film directed by …
Back to 1942 is a 2012 Chinese historical film directed by Feng Xiaogang. It is based on Liu Zhenyun's novel Remembering 1942, and is about a major famine in Henan, China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War. On 11 November 2012, the film premiered at the International Rome Film Festival. The film was selected as the Chinese entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 86th Academy Awards, but was not nominated.
  • Wikipedia
Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
Nomination2012

Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a …

Nominated for "Midnight in Paris".
Screen Actors Guild Award
2011
Midnight in Paris
MovieMay 11, 2011

Midnight in Paris

Midnight in Paris is a 2011 fantasy comedy film written and …
Midnight in Paris is a 2011 fantasy comedy film written and directed by Woody Allen. Set in Paris, the film follows Gil Pender, a screenwriter, who is forced to confront the shortcomings of his relationship with his materialistic fiancée and their divergent goals, which become increasingly exaggerated as he travels back in time each night at midnight. The movie explores themes of nostalgia and modernism.
  • Wikipedia
Detachment
MovieApr 25, 2011

Detachment

In Director Tony Kaye's Detachment, Academy …
In Director Tony Kaye's Detachment, Academy Award® winner Adrien Brody stars as Henry Barthes, an educator with a true talent to connect with his students. Yet Henry has chosen to bury his gift. By spending his days as a substitute teacher, he conveniently avoids any emotional connections by never staying anywhere long enough to form an attachment to either students or colleagues. When a new assignment places him at a public school where a frustrated, burned-out administration has created an apathetic student body, Henry quickly becomes a role model as a teacher who actually cares about the well-being of these students. In finding an emotional connection to the students but also fellow teachers and a runaway teen, he finds that he's not alone in a life and death struggle to find beauty in a seemingly vicious and loveless world.
  • IMDb
Wrecked
MovieApr 1, 2011

Wrecked

A man awakens in a mangled car-wreck at the bottom of a …
A man awakens in a mangled car-wreck at the bottom of a steep cliff. Injured and trapped inside, with no memory of how he got there or who he is, he must rely on his most primal instincts to survive. But as he attempts to free himself from the carnage and escape an impossible situation, a darker side is revealed. Even if he manages to survive, the man may have to face the horrible consequences of an earlier, forgotten life.
  • IMDb
2010
The Experiment
MovieJul 15, 2010

The Experiment

The Experiment is a 2010 American drama thriller film …
The Experiment is a 2010 American drama thriller film directed by Paul T. Scheuring and starring Adrien Brody, Forest Whitaker, Cam Gigandet, Clifton Collins, Jr., and Maggie Grace, about an experiment which resembles Philip Zimbardo's Stanford prison experiment in 1971.
  • Wikipedia
Predators
MovieJul 7, 2010

Predators

The mercenary Royce; the military Isabelle; the Russian soldier …
The mercenary Royce; the military Isabelle; the Russian soldier Nikolai; the San Quentin criminal Stans; the Sierra Leone militia Mombasa; the drug lord Cuchillo; the Yakuza Hanzo; and the Doctor Edwin awake in free fall but they succeed to open their parachutes landing in a jungle. Soon they find that they are on another planet and they are prey of aliens in a deadly hunting game, and they need to join forces to destroy their predators and survive.
  • IMDb
High School
MovieJan 24, 2010

High School

High School (also known as HIGH school) is a 2010 American …
High School (also known as HIGH school) is a 2010 American stoner black comedy film starring Adrien Brody. It is the feature-length directorial debut of John Stalberg, Jr.. The film premiered at the Sundance Film Festival and was theatrically distributed by Anchor Bay Films on June 1, 2012.
  • Wikipedia
2009
Fantastic Mr. Fox
MovieOct 14, 2009

Fantastic Mr. Fox

Fantastic Mr. Fox, based on the classic book by Roald Dahl, …
Fantastic Mr. Fox, based on the classic book by Roald Dahl, tells a story about wild animals, underground tunnels, explosions, flames, burning things, a brilliantly clever fox, and three of the meanest, nastiest, ugliest farmers you'll ever know.
  • IMDb
Splice
MovieOct 6, 2009

Splice

Splice is a 2009 Canadian-French science fiction horror film …
Splice is a 2009 Canadian-French science fiction horror film directed by Vincenzo Natali and starring Adrien Brody, Sarah Polley, and Delphine Chanéac. The story concerns experiments in genetic engineering being done by a young scientific couple, who attempt to introduce human DNA into their work of splicing animal genes. Guillermo del Toro, Don Murphy, and Joel Silver are the executive producers of this film.
  • Wikipedia
Giallo
MovieMay 13, 2009

Giallo

In Italy, a woman fears her sister may have been kidnapped. …
In Italy, a woman fears her sister may have been kidnapped. Inspector Enzo Avolfi fears it's worse. They team up to rescue her from a sadistic killer known only as Yellow.
  • IMDb
2008
Cadillac Records
www.imdb.com
MovieNov 24, 2008

Cadillac Records

In this tale of sex, violence, race, and rock and roll in 1950s …
In this tale of sex, violence, race, and rock and roll in 1950s Chicago, "Cadillac Records" follows the exciting but turbulent lives of some of America's musical legends, including Muddy Waters, Leonard Chess, Little Walter, Howlin' Wolf, Etta James and Chuck Berry.
  • IMDb
The Brothers Bloom
MovieSep 9, 2008

The Brothers Bloom

The Brothers Bloom are the best con men in the world, …
The Brothers Bloom are the best con men in the world, swindling millionaires with complex scenarios of lust and intrigue. Now they've decided to take on one last job - showing a beautiful and eccentric heiress the time of her life with a romantic adventure that takes them around the world.
  • IMDb
Manolete
MovieAug 28, 2008

Manolete

A Matador's Mistress is a biopic that was released in theaters …
A Matador's Mistress is a biopic that was released in theaters in 2009 starring Adrien Brody and Penélope Cruz. In the 1930s Manolete, played by Brody, was the best bullfighter in Spain. When he meets with actress Lupe Sino, played by Cruz, his life was never the same again. When the media heard about the couple in the early 1940s, a scandal broke out based on Sino's political history and his views as a communist. The couple stayed together through the scandal until 1947 when Manolete was killed after a bullfighting accident at the age of 30.
  • Yidio
Outstanding Ensemble
www.imdb.com
Award2008

Outstanding Ensemble

Won award for "Cadillac Records".
Black Reel Award
Outstanding Ensemble
www.imdb.com
Nomination2008

Outstanding Ensemble

Nominated for "Cadillac Records".
Black Reel Award
2007
The Darjeeling Limited
MovieAug 1, 2007

The Darjeeling Limited

The Darjeeling Limited is a …
The Darjeeling Limited is a 2007 comedy drama. The film centers around three brothers who decide to travel by train across India in order to connect with their mother. Each one of the three brothers suffers from their own problems that are all very much western. One is dealing with extreme levels of depression, another with an unhappy relationship with his pregnant wife, and the third is suffering from a lover for a woman who is very bad for him. As the three travel by train their problems become more apparent, and they continue to struggle to resolve them. The Darjeeling Limited features dry humor, complex characters, and a very interesting setting. The Darjeeling Limited was directed by Wes Anderson, and was written by Wes Anderson, Roman Coppola. Wes Anderson also directed such films as Moonrise Kingdom, The Grand Budapest Hotel, The Royal Tenebaums, and Fantastic Mr. Fox. The Darjeeling Limited features a cast of Owen Wilson, Adrien Brody, and Jason Schwartzman.
  • Yidio
2006
Hollywoodland
MovieAug 31, 2006

Hollywoodland

Hollywoodland is a 2006 American period mystery film directed …
Hollywoodland is a 2006 American period mystery film directed by Allen Coulter and written by Paul Bernbaum. The story presents a fictionalized account of the circumstances surrounding the death of actor George Reeves (played by Ben Affleck), the star of the 1950s film Superman and the Mole Men and television series Adventures of Superman. Adrien Brody stars as a fictional character, Louis Simo, a private detective investigating Toni Mannix (Diane Lane), who was involved in a long romantic relationship with Reeves and was the wife of MGM studio executive Eddie Mannix (Bob Hoskins). Reeves had ended the affair and had become engaged to a younger woman, aspiring actress Leonore Lemmon (Robin Tunney).
  • Wikipedia
Elsa Pataky
Relationship2006

Elsa Pataky

Elsa Lafuente Medianu (born 18 July 1976), known …
Elsa Lafuente Medianu (born 18 July 1976), known professionally as Elsa Pataky, is a Spanish model, actress, and film producer. Pataky is known for her role as Elena Neves in The Fast and the Furious franchise. She has appeared in the films Snakes on a Plane (2006), Giallo (2009) and Give 'Em Hell, Malone (2009). She also starred in the Spanish film Di Di Hollywood (2010).
  • IMDb
2005
King Kong
MovieDec 5, 2005

King Kong

King Kong is a 2005 epic monster adventure film co-written, …
King Kong is a 2005 epic monster adventure film co-written, produced, and directed by Peter Jackson. A remake of the 1933 film of the same name, the film stars Naomi Watts, Jack Black, Adrien Brody, and, through motion capture, Andy Serkis as the title character. Set in 1933, King Kong tells the story of an ambitious filmmaker who coerces his cast and hired ship crew to travel to the mysterious Skull Island. There they encounter Kong, a legendary giant gorilla, whom they capture and take to New York City.
  • Wikipedia
The Jacket
MovieJan 23, 2005

The Jacket

The film centers on a wounded Gulf war veteran who returns to …
The film centers on a wounded Gulf war veteran who returns to his native Vermont suffering from bouts of amnesia. He is hitching and gets picked up by a stranger, things go wrong when a cop pulls them over and is murdered by a stranger. The vet is wrongly accused of the killing and lands in an asylum. A disreputable doctor prescribes a course of experimental therapy, restraining him in a modified strength straight jacket-like device, and locks him away in a cadaver drawer in the basement morgue. During the course of his treatment, he gets flashbacks and visions of his future where he can foresee that he is to die in four days time; He just doesn't know how. And thus commences the classic race against time for this tortured veteran with an expiration date.
  • IMDb
2004
The Village
MovieJul 26, 2004

The Village

M Night Shyamalan's The Village revolves around a desolate …
M Night Shyamalan's The Village revolves around a desolate town in Pennsylvania. The residents of this town live by strict rules - They are not to leave the village or the monsters beyond their boundaries will surely attack them. Lucius and Ivy have an attraction - a strong one. But when Noah - a man with an intellectual disability and who also has feelings for Ivy, finds out that the two are In love, Noah attacks Lucius. He will die if brave Ivy (who is blind) does not breach the borders and find help to save Lucius.
  • IMDb
2003
Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
Nomination2003

Outstanding Performance by a Male Act…

Nominated for "The Pianist".
Screen Actors Guild Award
Best Actor
Nomination2003

Best Actor

Nominated for "The Pianist".
Polish Academy Award
Best Actor
Nomination2003

Best Actor

Nominated for "The Pianist".
César Award
Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nomination2003

Best Actor in a Leading Role

Nominated for "The Pianist".
BAFTA Award
Best Actor
Award2003

Best Actor

Won award for "The Pianist".
César Award
2002
The Pianist
MovieMay 24, 2002

The Pianist

In this adaptation of the autobiography "The Pianist: …
In this adaptation of the autobiography "The Pianist: The Extraordinary True Story of One Man's Survival in Warsaw, 1939-1945," Wladyslaw Szpilman, a Polish Jewish radio station pianist, sees Warsaw change gradually as World War II begins. Szpilman is forced into the Warsaw Ghetto, but is later separated from his family during Operation Reinhard. From this time until the concentration camp prisoners are released, Szpilman hides in various locations among the ruins of Warsaw.
  • IMDb
Dummy
MovieFeb 21, 2002

Dummy

This heart warming comedy drama tells the story of two friends …
This heart warming comedy drama tells the story of two friends who are searching for their identities as they move through their twenty something years. Steven is a man who has struggled for many years to remain in gainful employment and to express his needs and feelings to his friends and family, through his ventriloquist's dummy Steven finds he can finally express his feelings towards a woman and possibly find success in the future. Alongside Steven, punk rocker Fanny is also looking to find her way in life and create a platform for her career as a singer.
  • Yidio
Best Actor
Nomination2002

Best Actor

Nominated for "The Pianist".
National Society of Film Critics Award
Best Actor
Award2002

Best Actor

Won award for "The Pianist".
Boston Society of Film Critics Award
Best Actor
Award2002

Best Actor

Won award for "The Pianist".
National Society of Film Critics Award
Best Actor
Award2002

Best Actor

Won award for "The Pianist".
Academy Award
Best Actor
Nomination2002

Best Actor

Nominated for "The Pianist".
Academy Award
Best Actor
Nomination2002

Best Actor

Nominated for "The Pianist".
European Film Awards Audience Award
Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nomination2002

Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama

Nominated for "The Pianist".
Golden Globe Award
2001
Love the Hard Way
MovieAug 8, 2001

Love the Hard Way

Love the Hard Way is a 2001 crime drama film directed by Peter …
Love the Hard Way is a 2001 crime drama film directed by Peter Sehr [fr]. It is about the story of a petty thief who meets an innocent young woman and brings her into his world of crime while she teaches him the lessons of enjoying life and being loved.
  • Wikipedia
Harrison's Flowers
MovieJan 24, 2001

Harrison's Flowers

Harrison's Flowers is a 2001 French film by Elie …
Harrison's Flowers is a 2001 French film by Elie Chouraqui. It stars, among others, Andie MacDowell, Elias Koteas, Brendan Gleeson, Adrien Brody, Marie Trintignant, Gerard Butler, and David Strathairn. The film is also Quinn Shephard's big screen debut.
  • Wikipedia
Best Male Lead
Nomination2001

Best Male Lead

Nominated for "Restaurant".
Independent Spirit Award
1999
Liberty Heights
MovieNov 17, 1999

Liberty Heights

Anti-Semitism, race relations, coming of age, and fathers …
Anti-Semitism, race relations, coming of age, and fathers and sons: in Baltimore from fall, 1954, to fall, 1955. Racial integration comes to the high school, TV is killing burlesque, and ...
  • IMDb
Oxygen
MovieNov 12, 1999

Oxygen

A masochistic cop, who hides her predilection from her cop …
A masochistic cop, who hides her predilection from her cop husband, gets involved in pursuing a kidnapper nicknamed Harry for Harry Houdini, who has kidnapped a rich woman and has buried ...
  • IMDb
Restaurant
MovieJul 24, 1999

Restaurant

Restaurant is a 1998 independent film starring Adrien Brody, …
Restaurant is a 1998 independent film starring Adrien Brody, Elise Neal, David Moscow and Simon Baker. Written by Tom Cudworth and directed by Eric Bross, Restaurant was the follow-up to this writing–directing duo's first film, TenBenny, which also starred Adrien Brody. Restaurant premiered at the Los Angeles Independent Film Festival on April 17, 1998, and garnered Adrien Brody an Independent Spirit Award nomination for Best Male Lead. Set in Hoboken, New Jersey, Restaurant is a romantic comedy about young waiters with big dreams, but few chances to actually succeed.
  • Wikipedia
Summer of Sam
MovieMay 20, 1999

Summer of Sam

Spike Lee's take on the "Son of Sam" murders in New York …
Spike Lee's take on the "Son of Sam" murders in New York City during the summer of 1977 centering on the residents of an Italian-American Northeast Bronx neighborhood who live in fear and distrust of one another.
  • IMDb
Best Cast – Motion Picture
Award1999

Best Cast – Motion Picture

Won award for "The Thin Red Line".
Satellite Award
1998
The Thin Red Line
MovieDec 22, 1998

The Thin Red Line

U.S. Army Private Witt (AWOL) is found and imprisoned on a …
U.S. Army Private Witt (AWOL) is found and imprisoned on a troop carrier by his company First Sergeant, Welsh.The men of C Company,1st Battalion,27th Infantry Regiment,25th Infantry Division have been brought to Guadalcanal as reinforcements in the campaign to secure Henderson Field and seize the island from the Japanese. They arrive near Hill 210, a key Japanese position. Their task is to capture the hill at all cost. What happens next is a story developing about redemption and the meaningless of war. Regardless the outcome.
  • IMDb
1997
The Last Time I Committed Suicide
MovieJun 5, 1997

The Last Time I Committed Suicide

Neal Cassady is living the …
Neal Cassady is living the beat life during the 1940s, working at The Tire Yard and and philandering around town. However, he has visions of a happy life with kids and a white picket fence....
  • IMDb
1996
Solo
MovieAug 23, 1996

Solo

Mario Van Peebles stars as an android killing weapon …
Mario Van Peebles stars as an android killing weapon designed by the military and utilized to enter into a Latin American war to destroy the rebels - natives fighting simply to maintain their freedom. Contrary to his programming, he develops an affinity for the villagers and decides to help them fight back. This lets his creators bring him back and ultimately leads to one of them being given more powerful circuitry to defeat him.
  • IMDb
Bullet
MovieFeb 7, 1996

Bullet

Butch "Bullet" Stein, a Jewish junkie from the mean streets …
Butch "Bullet" Stein, a Jewish junkie from the mean streets of Brooklyn, is paroled after eight years in prison. Butch rips off a runner for local drug dealer, Tank, and is soon right back ...
  • IMDb
1994
Angels in the Outfield
MovieJul 10, 1994

Angels in the Outfield

Roger, who has lost his …
Roger, who has lost his mother, is living separated from his father. As he and his friend J.P. are fans of the California Angels baseball team, he has got only two dreams: living together with a real family and seeing the Angels winning the Pennant.
  • IMDb
1993
King of the Hill
MovieMay 19, 1993

King of the Hill

A young boy struggles on his own in a run-down motel after his …
A young boy struggles on his own in a run-down motel after his parents and younger brother are separated from him in 1930s Depression-era Midwest.
  • IMDb
1991
The Boy Who Cried Bitch
www.imdb.com
MovieOct 11, 1991

The Boy Who Cried Bitch

A psychotic 12 year old …
A psychotic 12 year old makes life hell for his emotionally frail mother.
  • IMDb
1973
Adrien Brody
BirthApril 1973

Adrien Brody

Adrien Brody was born.
Back to top
  • Data from
  • Wikipedia
  • IMDb
  • Netflix
  • Whosdatedwho
  • Famousbirthdays
  • Celebritynetworth
  • Tv
  • Freebase
  • Select images from
  • TiVo
Wikipedia text under CC-BY-SA license