galapagos islands facts and history

The Galápagos Islands are an archipelago of volcanic islands in the Eastern Pacific, located around the Equator 900 km west of South America. They form the Galápagos Province of the Republic of Ecuador, with a population of slightly over 33,000. The province is divided into the cantons of San Cristóbal, Santa Cruz, and Isabela, the three most po…
The Galápagos Islands are an archipelago of volcanic islands in the Eastern Pacific, located around the Equator 900 km west of South America. They form the Galápagos Province of the Republic of Ecuador, with a population of slightly over 33,000. The province is divided into the cantons of San Cristóbal, Santa Cruz, and Isabela, the three most populated islands in the chain. The Galápagos are famous for their large number of endemic species, which were studied by Charles Darwin in the 1830s and inspired his theory of evolution by means of natural selection. All of these islands are protected as part of Ecuador's Galápagos National Park and Marine Reserve.
  • Location: Pacific Ocean
  • Area: 27,191 km² (10,499 sq mi)
  • Total islands: 127
  • Major islands: 18
  • Highest elevation: 1,707 m (5600 ft)
  • Highest point: Volcán Wolf
  • Province: Galápagos
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Data from: en.wikipedia.org